Polkadot is an open source project that connects multiple blockchains in the same network, thus ensuring their security and better performance.
Polkadot allows the operability of different blockchains with very opposite properties. Its main objective is to reshape the structure of the Internet by returning control to the people over monopolies. By allowing the interaction of different blockchains, it provides several advantages such as scalability, working together with opposing functions and greater autonomy to the participating networks.
This project was born from the community’s need to build a platform capable of working with different blockchains at the same time, in a decentralized way. All of this with the objective that the platform can adapt to constant changes in the network.
Polkadot’s story begins with its first report in October 2016, however, the project was not created immediately. The Polkadot whitepaper was presented by Gavin Wood, who is also a co-founder of Ethereum and Parity Technologies.
La principal propuesta era servir como punto de conexión entre blockchains públicas y privadas, permitiendo la portabilidad de la información entre empresas distintas o con un distinto funcionamiento. Its main objectives also include scalability, working together, governance autonomy and achieving constant updating among all blockchains.
After a year of publicizing the project, in mid-2017 Wood created the company called Web3 Foundation which, in collaboration with Technologies, would be in charge of launching the project in 2020. Finally, in October 2017 an ICO (Initial Cryptocurrency Offering) of Polkadot was launched which went down in history as one of the most successful at the time.
In that ICO, a total of 5 million tokens were offered at a price of $30 each. By the third day, all the assets had been sold, thus capitalizing some US$150 million. The coin itself was very successful, since only two months later it quadrupled its initial value, reaching a capitalization of more than 600 million dollars.
The operation of the platform is based on the Substrate blockchain framework. The applications based on this platform have the characteristic of being able to exchange data between them. In other words, Polkadot enables sharing and interoperability in its network and can be extended to each new user.
Another of Polkadot’s main features is that it operates under the Proof of Stake(PoF) consensus algorithm. Polkadot has its own token called DOT. Under this consensus the platform’s cryptocurrency owners (DOTs) can operate as network validators and also cast their voting power on decisions made regarding changes to the platform.
The DOT, in addition to supporting the platform, acts as an incentive for the collaborators in the network, since the more DOTs they have, the more participation and control they will have over the protocol. This operation has a dual purpose, since the owners of the cryptocurrency have control over the security of the entire network, which falls into the hands of those who want to keep it afloat.
To maintain the current performance, Polkadot has three fundamental components.
In addition to the fundamental components of the network we find as key points of its operation 4 other parts.
On the one hand, there are the nominators, who function as trusted validators that secure the network.
The validators are also a key point in the operation, since they are in charge of sealing the network blocks.
The third point is the classifiers, in charge of maintaining the blocks and the information necessary to create new network blocks.
Lastly, there are the fishermen, who are in charge of finding malicious behavior on the network.
If you decide to buy Polkadot you will need a wallet to store your assets. Here are some of the most recommended wallets to store this cryptocurrency.